NTOA › Forums › Operational Leadership › SWAT Command Decision-Making And Leadership I: Federman v. County of Kern › Do you ascertain if articulable facts exist prior to any escalation? › Reply To: Do you ascertain if articulable facts exist prior to any escalation?
It is necessary for a tactical leader to put their thoughts in articulable facts before an escalation of force is done, as long as time allows for such thought and articulation. Do a quick risk assessment. Be able to put in writing why you are doing something and back it with information that is known at that time. Do not use “might dos” and “what ifs”, they will get you in trouble. Review the three considerations provided in Graham in their risk assessment; the severity of the suspected criminal activity, did suspect pose an immediate threat to officers or others, and
is the suspect actively resisting or attempting to evade arrest by flight. Do not put the suspect in any “state-created-danger”. Put these thoughts in writing and put them in the supplemental report or the AAR so they are written down.